2017: Reconciliation, Participation and Collective Action
During the Toronto Group’s 10th anniversary conference, Prof. Balakrishnan Rajagopal (MIT) delivered a keynote speech on “Climate Change and Human Rights: Some Heretical Thoughts”. Toronto Group Co-founder Prof. Umut Özsu (Carleton University) provided opening remarks and Prof. Kerry Rittich (University of Toronto) acted as a discussant. Panels were held throughout the second day of the conference. The conference program is available here.
2016: From the Local to the Global – The Evolving Role of Transnational Adjudication
Transnational adjudication is one of many resources utilized by states, actors, and communities to resolve national and international disputes. Adjudication is often called upon to intervene into political and economic crisis by reconciling and resolving their underlying tensions. Such demands raise concerns about jurisdictional authority, enforcement, and struggles or conflicts that exist between countries, groups, and communities around the world. See program here.
2015: Law Beyond the State
Conceptualizing law as ‘beyond the state’ necessarily brings to fore the argument that law exists beyond artificial notions of statehood. Within any single bounded territory, a perspective transcending the state can reveal a plurality of laws between co-existing legal systems, but also an inter-legality where multiple legal norms or frameworks converge and collide. Competing and equally legitimate claims for legal recognition that challenge our pre-conceived notions of the foundations of the force of law are possible. This is apparent from contemporary debates surrounding First Nations sovereignty, treaties, Free Trade Agreements, and transnational contractual relations involving numerous actors. Program available here.
2014: Conflicting Legal Orders
Legal orders are prone to a variety of conflicts: from conflicts within local systems of law, such as through vigilante justice and social protest movements, to conflicts between supranational legal orders and national or sub-national jurisdictions. These conflicts bring to the fore the inadequacy of law in resolving the question of how we should live together, in balance with our environments and within increasingly multicultural, cosmopolitan, and pluralist societies. It is time to get creative and devise new approaches, tools, and mechanisms that prevent and resolve both public and private conflicts that develop and rejuvenate international law, and that protect human rights and global security. It is the challenge of our generation to find ways in which law can evolve to support the resolution of violent conflicts and to help ensure a more sustainable world enriched by our differences. Conference schedule available here.
We are very grateful for the support of our sponsors The Jack & Mae Nathanson Centre on Transnational Human Rights, Crime, and Security, the University of Toronto Faculty of Law, Osgoode Hall Law School at York University, the University of Toronto Graduate Law Society, the York University Graduate Students Association, and the University of Toronto Graduate Students Union.